Respecting each other’s political institution - foundation for Vietnam - US relations (Part 1)

Kết quả hình ảnh cho Vietnam - US relations
Since the normalization of relations and the establishment of diplomatic relations (July 12th 1995), Vietnam and the U.S. have unceasingly built up and developed bilateral cooperation, and since 2013 the relations have been upgraded to comprehensive partnership, in the spirit of “setting aside the past, settling differences, promoting similarities, looking forward to the future”.
To achieve that result, the two countries experienced a difficult process. History shows that the two countries experienced chances to foster relations, relating to the two great leaders. When Thomas Jefferson, the 3rd President of the United States, the writer of the US 1776 Declaration of Independence, the founder of Democratic-Republican Party (the forerunner of the Democratic Party and the Republican Party), was an agriculturalist, he studied Vietnam’s agriculture and tried to bring one of Vietnamese rice varieties to his farm. Vietnam President Ho Chi Minh, the founding father of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam and the Communist Party of Vietnam, the writer of Vietnam 1945 Declaration of Independence, on his path to national salvation, in 1913, came to Boston - the source of the American War of Independence - to study the United States. In the beginning of the Declaration of Independence of Vietnam, reading in front of the Vietnamese people on September 2nd 1945, he quoted the US Declaration of Independence: “All men are created equal. They are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, among them are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness”. On the basis of absorbing progressive thoughts of humankind, including the one expressed in the US. Declaration of Independence, President Ho Chi Minh and our Party defined the path of development for the nation and the political regime of the country.
History also recorded pathetic events. The U.S. and Vietnam used to be allies, fighting against fascism. During the August Revolution, Viet Minh troops saved a US pilot lieutenant shot down by Japanese troops and handed over to the US Mission in Kunming (China). The US Army also sent a special task team of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) to Viet Bac to aid the Viet Minh in tactics, the use of radio transmitters, explosives, etc., during the war against French Colonialists. After the victory of the August Revolution, President Ho Chi Minh advocated establishing a comprehensive partnership with the US. He sent 14 letters to the U.S., especially to President Truman, offering the U.S. to “support Vietnam’s fledgling independence”.

Nevertheless, that good will was not responded adequately. The reason was explained by President Obama on his visit to Vietnam (May 2016): “our common story of throwing off colonialism might have brought us closer together sooner. But instead, Cold War rivalries and fears of communism pulled us into conflict”. It was the US. in disregard of Vietnam’s  selected path that decided to support the French to fight against the Viet Minh, decimating “the national liberation movement led by the communists” and “preventing the spread of communism into Indochina”. While President Ho Chi Minh and the people of Vietnam did their utmost to unite forces and bring about peace, they still had to confront the French invaders supported by the U.S. with fund, weapons and personnel. In May 1948, when the U.S. directly aided the French troops, he still believed in the Americans: “The American people who bravely fought for independence and tolerantly acknowledged the independence of the Philippines will certainly agree with Vietnam’s struggle for independence”. When the U.S. directly deployed its troops to the South and determined to bring Vietnam back to “the stone age”, President Ho Chi Minh still believed in a peaceful means for the two countries. In his response to the US. President Richard Nixon’s letter on August 23rd 1969, he stressed: “With good will on both sides we might arrive at common efforts in view of reaching an appropriate solution for Vietnam’s issue”. After reestablishing peace and unifying the country, the people of Vietnam determined to fulfil President Ho Chi Minh’s wish: rebuilding the country “stronger and more beautiful”. With the hostile attitude towards the socialist regime in Vietnam, the U.S. and the West applied “blockage and embargo” policy against Vietnam aiming to isolate it and to overthrow its regime. However, with the sound guideline laid down by the Communist Party of Vietnam, our whole Party, Army and the people have united and succeed in getting the country out of all challenges, while successfully carrying out the cause of national reform and protection with numerous victories.
Chia sẻ bài viết ^^
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