Vietnam coping with the challenge of climate changes

10/09/2014


Our lives are now facing a lot of challenges which could cause bad effects to our daily lives. One of the most typical ones is climate change. The air we breathe, the water we drink, the food we eat… they would become toxic to our health and unusable, that due to the effects of climate change.
As UN’s definition, Climate change is a significant time variation in weather patterns occurring over periods ranging from decades to millions of years. Climate change may refer to a change in average weather conditions, or in the time variation of weather around longer-term average conditions (i.e., more or fewer extreme weather events). Climate change is caused by factors such as biotic processes, variations in solar radiation received by Earth, plate tectonics, and volcanic eruptions. Certain human activities have also been identified as significant causes of recent climate change, often referred to as "global warming"
Scientists actively work to understand past and future climate by using observations and theoretical models. A climate record — extending deep into the Earth's past — has been assembled, and continues to be built up, based on geological evidence from borehole temperature profiles, cores removed from deep accumulations of ice, floral and faunal records, glacial and periglacial processes, stable-isotope and other analyses of sediment layers, and records of past sea levels. More recent data are provided by the instrumental record. General circulation models, based on the physical sciences, are often used in theoretical approaches to match past climate data, make future projections, and link causes and effects in climate change.
It’s obviously that climate change is one of the biggest challenges for humanity, it will seriously affect production, life and the environment worldwie. That would cause bad effects to global security on many aspects such as energy, food, social, employment, diplomacy, culture, economics, commerce, life, human’s health…
Vietnam is one of the most vulnerable countries to the impacts of climate change. Its long coastline (3,200 km) and large deltas make it particularly susceptible to more intense and frequent natural disasters, rising sea levels, coastal erosion, and salt water intrusion. Vietnam loses around 2 per cent of GDP per year as a result of weather-related disasters. In 2013, Vietnam faced an unusually high number of natural disasters, including 15 intense typhoons causing 277 deaths/missing and 855 injuries and economic losses estimated at 28,000 billion VND, approximately double the rate recorded for 2012. Such events are projected to get worse with the impacts of climate change. Vietnam is already experiencing wetter wet seasons; dryer dry seasons; higher intensity rainfall, flash flooding and increased frequency of tropical cyclones. Sea levels have risen 20cm, and if they rise by just one metre, more than 11 per cent of Vietnam’s coastal population (around 4 million people) could be displaced.
Though climate change in some extent is still quite new to Vietnam, we already have had assessments and strategies to deal with this challenge.
Not just stop at raising people's perceptions, in terms of policy, the Communist Party of Vietnam with the role of leadership of the country has had very basic documents for adaptation of global climate change.
To specify the policy of the Party, Vietnam’s Government have had early built and issued policy documents, legal standards, creating a legal framework for the disaster prevention and mitigation, climate change adaptation such as: Law of Dykes; Law on Water Resources; Law on Forest Protection and Development ...
In parallel with these domestic activities, the Government has taken actions early to get more active role in the forums, international conferences, building the image of an active Vietnam in response to climate change.
.For the efforts Vietnam has taken, the World Bank has highly valued Viet Nam's green growth strategy and the measures Vietnam has been taking to cope with climate change. WB made promises to continue giving aid to Vietnam in the fight against climate change and global warming.
Vietnam determined that climate change is a serious challenge, to cope with this problem we must conduct simultaneous adaptation and mitigation, in which adaptation is a priority, actively prevent and avoid disaster is the focus.
However, specific actions need to be more aggressive on the whole political system to cope with climate change, fostering green growth and developing a low-carbon economy.
Chia sẻ bài viết ^^
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All comments [ 10 ]


Phạm Hiếu 10/9/14 22:14

Research in coastal northern Vietnam shows that baseline social vulnerability is enhanced by some institutional and economic factors associated with Vietnam's economic transition from central planning, namely the breakdown of collective action on protection from extreme events and an increasingly skewed income.

Lê Tín 10/9/14 22:16

Climate change is one of biggest challenges to the human beings

Quốc Kiên 10/9/14 22:16

Climate change can lead to serious impacts on production, life and environment on a global scale

Hùng Quân 10/9/14 22:17

According to a report of the Intergovernmental Committee for Climate Change, the global mean temperature and the sea level have sharply increased for the past 100 years, especially in recent 25 years

Quốc Cường 10/9/14 22:18

In Viet Nam, over 50 years, the mean temperature has increased by 0.5-0.70C, and the sea level has risen by 20 cm. El Nino and La Nina cause more and more impacts. Climate change has really made natural disasters, especially storms, floods and droughts, increasingly violent.

Huy Lâm 10/9/14 22:19

Viet Nam is considered as one of the countries most affected by climate change, its Mekong Delta is one of the world’s three most vulnerable deltas (together with the Nile Delta in Egypt and the Ganges Delta in Bangladesh) to the sea level rising

Vân Nhàn 10/9/14 22:20

Climate change seriously threatens food security and agricultural development

Hoàng Lân 10/9/14 22:21

Viet Nam plans to become a modern industrialized country by 2020, its production and consumption of energies will sharply increase, especially in industries, transport, and urban development, resulting in higher emission of greenhouse gas

Huy Quốc 10/9/14 22:22

Temperatures have increased by 0.05-0.20°C and sea level has increased by 2-4 cm per decade in the last 50 years

Quân Hoàng 10/9/14 22:23

A key challenge for Viet Nam is to manage its rapid economic development in a sustainable manner and to prevent adverse impacts of environmental degradation and climate change.

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