Warnings: Child sexual abuse is on the rise in Vietnam - Join to stop!


Child sexual abuse has been on the increase in Vietnam in recent years according to the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs. According to the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs, around 2,000 Vietnamese children face violence and abuse annually, including 1,200 suffering from sexual abuse. But the real number of Vietnamese children being sexually abused may be much higher than estimated. The reported number may be only the tip of the iceberg. Many cases have been detected and denounced. But many cases of childhood sexual harassment remain undetected. Although official data are unavailable, estimates are consistently alarming.
Child sexual abuse or child molestation is a form of child abuse in which an adult or older adolescent uses a child for sexual stimulation. Forms of child sexual abuse include engaging in sexual activities with a child (whether by asking or pressuring, or by other means), indecent exposure (of the genitals, female nipples, etc.), child grooming, or using a child to produce child pornography.
The global prevalence of child sexual abuse has been estimated at 19.7% for females and 7.9% for males. Most sexual abuse offenders are acquainted with their victims; approximately 30% are relatives of the child, most often brothers, fathers, uncles, or cousins; around 60% are other acquaintances, such as "friends" of the family, babysitters, or neighbors; strangers are the offenders in approximately 10% of child sexual abuse cases. Most child sexual abuse is committed by men; studies on female child molesters show that women commit 14% to 40% of offenses reported against boys and 6% of offenses reported against girls.
Child sexual abuse is outlawed nearly everywhere in the world, generally with severe criminal penalties, including in some jurisdictions, life imprisonment or capital punishment. An adult's sexual intercourse with someone below the legal age of consent is defined as statutory rape, based on the principle that a child is not capable of consent and that any apparent consent by a child is not considered to be legal consent.
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) is an international treaty that legally obliges states to protect children's rights. Articles 34 and 35 of the CRC require states to protect children from all forms of sexual exploitation and sexual abuse. This includes outlawing the coercion of a child to perform sexual activity, the prostitution of children, and the exploitation of children in creating pornography. States are also required to prevent the abduction, sale, or trafficking of children. As of November 2008, 193 countries are bound by the CRC, including every member of the United Nations except the United States and South Sudan. The Council of Europe has adopted the Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse in order to prohibit child sexual abuse that occurs within home or family.
All children have the right to live free of violence, abuse and exploitation. Vietnamese government has carried out many actions to investigate recent incidents involving the sexual abuse of children, but the issue remains seriously concerned that child abuse is wide-spread and most incidents remain unreported.
Child pornography or pedophilia are clearly prohibited in Việt Nam’s Criminal Code, however, the punishment is light, said Lê Văn Luân, a lawyer who is consulting on a sexual abuse case in Hà Nội that has attracted recent public attention.
The silence originates from Vietnamese culture: fear of talking about sex. In addition, legal systems are not strong enough. Legal executive officers seem to think that women should not go out at night or wear clothes that attract attention. Even children are blamed for not knowing how to protect themselves.

Deputy Minister of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs Dao Hong Lan said the settlement of a child abuse case in Vietnam is very complicated. In Vietnam, sexual abuse, especially of children, is such a culturally sensitive issue that the families of both victims and offenders do not want such incidents to be publicly revealed. A victim’s family fears the incident will harm the future of their child while an offender’s family fears that they will be scorned by the public. Most child sexual abuse offenders are relatives and acquaintances of victims’ families. Sexual offenders take advantage of naive children to sexually abuse them because children are not wary of their relatives or of people they know.
Children who are sexually abused often have to suffer from serious psychological impacts, affecting their future, the deputy minister said. She added that the ministry has taken 2017’s theme as the year to fight child sexual abuse. The ministry has instructed localities nationwide for the implementation of the year’s activities and improved regulations to tackle the issue.
The number of child sex abuse cases in Vietnam has been increasing at an alarming rate in recent years, making experts scratch their heads over the cause as well as suitable penalties for offenders.
It is vital to strengthen the child protection system in Viet Nam in order to protect children from all forms of violence, abuse and exploitation. Viet Nam must continue to invest the necessary human and financial resources to protect children from all forms of sexual violence, abuse and exploitation, including the availability of professionally qualified Social Workers at all levels, also ensuring child-friendly access to justice and effective remedies and specialized assistance to victims. At the same time, Viet Nam must invest more in prevention, not only reacting to cases of child abuse after they happen, but stopping these cases before they happen./.
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All comments [ 12 ]

Love Peace 15/4/17 10:38

Child sexual abuse can occur in a variety of settings, including home, school, or work (in places where child labor is common). Child marriage is one of the main forms of child sexual abuse.

MaskOf Zero 15/4/17 10:39

Sexual abuse by a family member is a form of incest and can result in more serious and long-term psychological trauma, especially in the case of parental incest.

Only Solidar 15/4/17 10:40

In other countries, those who let children see pornography might be brought to court. In Việt Nam, the Criminal Code has loopholes.

Pack Cassiopian 15/4/17 11:16

Việt Nam has 15 State agencies in charge of child rights protection, but the nation must take advantage of these agencies and strongly collaborate with civil society organisations.

Deck Hero14 15/4/17 11:39

Refusing the right to have personal secrets protected and raising one’s voice about sexual abuse cases requires major courage from victims.

Jane smartnic 15/4/17 11:58

Primary school children must be equipped with enough information about sexual harassment to know how to protect themselves.

Only Solidar 15/4/17 11:59

Need to fight hard against this crime!

yobro yobro 15/4/17 12:00

Sexual harassment damages young children both physically and mentally, making it difficult for them to integrate into the community later.

LawrenceSamuels 15/4/17 12:13

Guardians of children have overlooked the importance of protecting their kids from potential abuse.

Gentle Moon 15/4/17 12:14

Strict regulations and severe punishment have to be applied in order to deter child sex abuse.

John Smith 15/4/17 12:15

Parents have to talk to their kids about certain body parts they must not let strangers touch. They should also tell their kids not to come home late or hang out in deserted areas.

Deck Hero14 15/4/17 12:16

Significantly, elimination of violence against children has been made a distinct target in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It is high time to close the gap between international standards, political commitments and action.

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