UN Women continues supporting Vietnam to close the gap on gender equality (Part 2 and end)


However, many problems still exist. Violence against women has not decreased. The rate of domestic violence in Vietnam is very high: 58%  married women said they had experienced violence at least once in their lives, and only 1% of the reported cases was brought to trial. According to a survey carried out in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, 87% of women and girls confirmed that they had been faced with some type of sexual harassment in the public sector as teasing , touch or sexual assault. This is a crime. Although there is general agreement on the need to cope with violence against women but the necessary coordination mechanisms have not yet been enacted. The current measures to protect victims avoid the culprit as well as health care, counseling, shelter and support business plans are still lacking. It must be emphasized that violence against women create economic burden for society and the community. At the same time, opportunity costs and loss of productivity due to domestic violence accounted for 3.19% of the total GDP of Vietnam in 2010. Violence against women make a major impact on cohesion and ability to recovery in communities, creating barriers of economic growth and increasing poverty.
Some other concerns such as the persisting gender imbalance shows that we do not appreciate the value of women and girls, or unbalanced proportion of women in the work informal sector due to lack of decent work opportunities.
A report by UN Women and UNODC (The UN Office on Drugs and Crime) published in 2013 evaluated the criminal justice system in three aspects: women affected of violence, women violate of law and women's participation in the criminal justice system. In all areas, the results show the need to improve the implementation, monitoring and evaluation of law and existing policies to strengthen the protection of women's rights. In particular, there should be a research and analysis to develop policies and programs based on practice and gender issues to tackle violence against women.
In the context of the year 2013 and 2014, UN Women supported the Institute of Sociology under the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics to find out how victims access to the judicial system, this study is part of UN Women's studies at the regional level for multichannel legal system. Another study by the United Nations analyzed the response of police and judicial branches of sexual violence cases. Both studies found that gender stereotypes and prejudices of the law enforcement officials, the leaders and the community. They are great difficulties which women face when they want co access judicial system. At the same time, the need to strengthen punitive response to violence against women by legal reform is also emphasized. We hope that the evidence given by the study will contribute to the review and amend the Criminal Code and Criminal Procedure Code at present, thereby creating a shift in the justice system criminal law in Vietnam and forming a beneficial judicial system for women.
UN Women will continue supporting Vietnam to close the gap on gender equality. UN Women will support the development of empirical evidence and analysis to identify where gender equality issues exist and help Vietnam in developing policies and programs to ensure all women, men, boys and girls will get benefits equally from the programs and policies, and is an active part in social and economic progress. This includes support for capacity building of government in the collection of gender-disaggregated data and analysis of this data due to the lack of data on the different situation of women and men could lead to difficulties in identifying issues that need to be addressed. We will support the government in building programs which focus more on groups of disadvantaged women and difficult to access such as ethnic minorities, immigrants and women working in the informal sector.
UN Women will also continue to promote further understanding of gender equality and empower women’s rights because of the continued growth and prosperity of Vietnam and advocate for the implementation of gender equality with more resources, bringing the best interest of the whole society. For example, the National Programme on Gender Equality 2011-2015 is allocated only 10% of the initial budget commitments. If there is no budget and human resources, the sufficient commitments on gender equality will only be on the paper. We will also support the implementation of mechanisms for monitoring and accountability to strengthen laws and policies on gender equality today. Progress and impact of laws and programs that can not be measured properly without supervision and full assessment, including comments from people.

  Last but not least, all sectors of society should be involved in promoting gender equality. Although the issue of violence against women or women's participation in formal employment and sustainability and leadership positions are not only a woman's problem. Inhibit the growth of women will impact on society. That is why UN Women has launched HeForShe Campaign - a unified movement to encourage the social sector, especially the male leaders participate and declare support gender equality. The leaders in the fields of politics, business leaders and youth to become a leader in the implementation of gender equality within the scope of their influence, sending messages and calling men to act as partners in the task of building a just society for both women and men in all aspects of life. We hope that the Campaign HeForShe will also receive positive support in Vietnam.
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All comments [ 10 ]

Phạm Hiếu 5/3/15 15:05

Vietnam has received significant accolades from the international community for its progress in respect to the standard indicators that relate to gender equality.

Quốc Kiên 5/3/15 15:06

There is no gender gap evident in primary and secondary school enrolment, Vietnamese women have one of the highest labour force participation rates in the world and Vietnam has one of the highest percentages of women in national parliament in the Asia-Pacific region

Huy Lâm 5/3/15 15:07

While recognizing Vietnam’s MDG achievements, a disaggregated analysis and an assessment of gender equality against other international standards, are needed to adequately understand the scale of gender inequality in the country.

Quốc Cường 5/3/15 15:08

Accordingly, existing human rights accountability mechanisms, which enable us to identify the experiences of marginalized women, must remain at the forefront of any efforts to measure the extent to which true equality for women has been attained.

Lê Tín 5/3/15 15:09

Progress on gender equality has been made in Vietnam and the efforts of the government and their impact must not be overlooked.

Quân Hoàng 5/3/15 15:10

A number of crucial problems regarding gender inequality in Vietnam fall largely outside the lens of the MDGs. Statistics on the number of seats held by women in national parliament do not reflect the extent to which there exists adequate governmental machinery to promote gender equality.

Huy Quốc 5/3/15 15:11

In regard to that one and only goal, the actions needed to achieve gender equality and women's empowerment stretch far beyond the arena of education

Hoàng Lân 5/3/15 15:12

Although disparities exist, particularly among some ethnic minority groups, the Vietnamese population as a whole is relatively highly educated, with relatively high literacy rates.

Vân Nhàn 5/3/15 15:13

Education is therefore a limited measure of equality for a country like Vietnam where the challenges also lie elsewhere.

Hùng Quân 5/3/15 15:14

There is also a high demand for second trimester abortion, especially among young, unmarried women who face particular barriers in accessing abortion, including social stigma associated with sex before marriage, lack of guarantees of privacy and confidentiality in public hospitals and the need for consent by a parent or guardian for women under the age of 18 years

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