Protecting and promoting human rights are key issues throughout the history


One fact in Viet Nam's history is that human rights were included in the foreword of the Declaration of Independence that President Ho Chi Minh read to the country's people and the world on September 2, 1945. Only one day later, on Sept. 3, 1945, President Ho stressed that one of the most urgent tasks of the new Vietnamese State was to organise a general election to elect a national assembly to devise and put in place a Constitution to affirm the ownership of the country. Even in the harsh conditions of the resistance war, the Vietnamese State made great efforts to ensure the rights and interests of the people.
Right in its first Platform, the Communist Party of Viet Nam identified the noble objective of the revolution was to bring about freedom and happiness to the Vietnamese people. It is the highest connotation of human rights. The task of struggle for democracy (including human rights) is put on a par with the task of struggle for national liberation.
After wresting back national independence in 1945, the 1946 Constitution - the first Constitution of the country solemnly recognized human rights. Those progressive stipulations as mentioned above of the 1946 Constitution provided orientations for all activities of the Vietnamese State since its establishment to guarantee human rights. The 1959, 1980, 1992 and 2013 Constitutions continued to supplement and expand regulations on human rights as well as measures to protect human rights, manifesting clearly respect for and ensuring of human rights in Viet Nam. Since the country adopted its Doi Moi (renovation) policy, the parliament has promulgated 305 laws to institutionalise the pragmatic perspectives of the Party and Government on protecting human rights as well as the rights of citizens. The issue of human rights has been fully sensitized and implemented. On the basis of the Constitution, Viet Nam’s legal framework has been amended, supplemented and completed towards “protect justice and human rights.
The nation's people have always been placed at the centre and been both the objective and the driving force in the development process and the cause of comprehensive reform in Viet Nam. The people's basic rights and freedom are institutionalised in the Constitution and laws, and their enforcement is ensured by many policies and mechanisms. The respect for and promotion of human rights have been affirmed in the first chapters of the revised 1992 Constitution, which was publicised for people's feedback during the revision process.
Human rights relating to civil and political matters are demonstrated clearly in the country's bustling political-social life. The National Assembly's role and voice have been increasingly enhanced. The NA has promulgated and amended many laws, laying firm legal foundations for ensuring human rights in all fields, strengthening its role in inspecting and monitoring the operation of State agencies, especially through open question and answer sessions. The people's rights are also enforced more effectively through judicial and administrative reforms. The people are assured that their opinions on the nation's issues are heard by many important laws on the press, complaints and denunciations, and democracy at the grassroots level; socio-political organizations and the mass media enjoy rapid and diverse growth.
The Vietnamese Party and State's consistent policy is also clearly reflected in international partnerships in human rights protection and promotion and actively participating in international cooperation in this field. Viet Nam has actively participated and cooperated with human rights mechanisms of the United Nations and ASEAN, while attaching importance to dialogues on human rights with some partners such as the European Union (EU), the United States, Switzerland, Norway and Australia. Viet Nam is currently members of almost all of the important international conventions on human rights including the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, children's rights, and the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women. As a member of human rights mechanisms, Viet Nam has well implemented its international commitments, while accepting some recommendations on concrete human rights issues in Viet Nam. Viet Nam’s election to the United Nations Human Rights Council for the 2014-2016 term is the recognition and appreciation of the international community towards Viet Nam’s achievements in ensuring human rights, and Viet Nam’s participation in promoting human rights in the world and an opportunity for Viet Nam to make greater contribution to global common efforts for human rights through initiatives to attract the United Nations Human Rights Council’s greater concern to problems confronting regional countries.
In its recent session, the National Assembly ratified the UN Convention against Torture and the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, demonstrating Vietnam’s commitment to protecting and promoting human rights. Hoang Van Nghia, Deputy Director of the Human Rights Research Institute of the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics and Public Administration, said the National Assembly plays an important role in promoting and protecting human rights.
UN Resident Coordinator in Vietnam Pratibha Mehta said that in its 2014 Universal Periodic Report Vietnam accepted many recommendations including joining international human rights institutions, protecting and ensuring freedom of information, speech, and association, and reducing the number of criminals sentenced to death. Other recommendations included improving the legal and judicial system, focusing on vulnerable groups, increasing gender equality, reducing poverty, and increasing access to basic services. She said that as the Vietnamese National Assembly plays an important role in safeguarding human rights, it needs to work with the government in formulating action plans to implement these recommendations.
Achievements in human rights over the past period have constituted a firm foundation for Viet Nam to successfully implement tasks in the area of human rights in the stage of industrialization, modernization and international integration, better ensure human rights for Vietnamese people and make active contribution to promoting international human rights for a world of peace, friendship and progress./.
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All comments [ 10 ]

Hùng Quân 2/3/15 19:13

Viet Nam's bid to join the Human Rights Council has its roots in the consistent policy of the Party and State on protecting and promoting human rights

Huy Quốc 2/3/15 19:14

It is the international community's recognition of the achievements the country has made in its comprehensive reform, policies and efforts regarding human rights.

Lê Tín 2/3/15 19:16

The global community highly valued Viet Nam as a spotlight in UNHCR's agenda involving poverty reduction, food security, improvement in the human development index and fulfilment of millennium development goals ahead of schedule.

Quốc Kiên 2/3/15 19:17

It is a success of the Vietnamese Party and State's external relations policy, reflecting the country's increasing prestige and position in the international arena,

Quân Hoàng 2/3/15 19:18

Human rights hold universal values, noted the need to consider characteristics in each nation and region with different historical, cultural and religious settings.

Quốc Cường 2/3/15 19:19

Yeah, the rights to religious freedom, expression of opinion without interference, peaceful assembly and freedom of association with others must go hand in hand with special obligations and responsibilities in accordance with the law.

Hoàng Lân 2/3/15 19:20

Viet Nam's viewpoints also match the general viewpoint expressed in international documents and UN documents on human rights.

Huy Lâm 2/3/15 19:21

We also strengthens bilateral cooperation and dialogue with other countries on human rights to share information and experience to better ensure human rights in the country and related nations.

Vân Nhàn 2/3/15 19:23

Guarantee of human rights in Viet Nam, first and foremost, is prompted by objectives of revolution and nature of the social regime chosen by Viet Nam.

Phạm Hiếu 2/3/15 19:24

The State and Party's consistent policies of protecting and promoting human rights continue to be the orientations for the country in completing laws and institutions.

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