Promoting the role of Vietnamese farmers-the subject of agriculture, and new-type rural area development

06/02/2017
Proper awareness of the role of farmers is a basis, on the one hand, for encouraging farmers to actively participate in economic, political, cultural, social activities; on the other hand, for finding solutions to continue upholding that role, contributing to early achieve the set goals.
Vietnam with its natural conditions has early possessed wet rice civilization. Over millions of years, the Vietnamese farmers have been growing strongly, constituting the most populous social forces (1), making great contributions to the struggle for nation defense and construction and conservation of the country's civilization and culture.
Since its coming into being and during the revolution, the Communist Party of Vietnam has always appreciated the role of farmers, considering the worker-farmer alliance and the worker-farmer-intellectual alliance the foundation and premise for every victory of the revolution, the struggle for national liberation, construction and defense of the Fatherland. President Ho Chi Minh said in such a backward agricultural country like Vietnam, the national problem was essentially the problem of farmers; the national revolution was essentially the revolution of farmers led by the working class. Experience of the Communist Party of Vietnam during the revolution process has shown that when and where farmers’ interests are ensured, and principles of the class alliance are fully grasped, the revolution is strong and successful. 
To shift from a country with small production, backwardness, low labor productivity to large-scale production with modern means of production and high labor productivity industrialization and modernization are essential. Vietnam as a backward agricultural country with low starting point needs to begin with agriculture, farmers and rural areas. This is the universal roadmap and rule of development of many countries.
At the 8th National Congress, the Communist Party of Vietnam affirmed to attach special importance to industrialization and modernization of agriculture and rural areas. The 7th Plenum, 10th Tenure emphasized that agriculture, farmers and rural areas had a strategic position in the cause of industrialization and modernization, national construction and defense, constituting the basis and crucial force for sustainable socio-economic development, political stability, security and defense, national identity preservation and promotion and ecological environment protection.
Thus, it can be seen that the Communist Party of Vietnam is always fully aware of and attaches great importance to the role of the farmers in the revolution from the first day of the national democratic revolution to the socialist revolution later. The renewal process under the leadership of the Party, to some extent, originated from the creativity of the farmers in practice. Since the country conducted development of the new-type rural areas, agricultural modernization and rural development, the issue of the role of the peasantry has been better aware of by the Party. The question now is how to help farmers to uphold their role. First of all, it should be said that the peasantry is the subject of industrialization and modernization and development of agriculture and new-type countryside in Vietnam at present.
The central task of the Vietnamese revolution at the present stage is to accelerate industrialization and modernization of agriculture, and building new-type, beautiful, equitable, democratic and civilized rural areas with suitable economic structure, progressive and appropriative production relations and more modern socio-economic infrastructure.


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