Process to normalize US - Cuba relations


On December 17th, the United States and Cuba announced an agreement to normalize relations, opening a new chapter for the relations between the two countries. For US President Barack Obama and Cuban President Raul Castro issued a historical statement, it has been a process of “confidential diplomacy” lasted 18 months with positive mediating role of Pope Francis.

According to the Washington Post, in a speech televised on Dencember 17th, President B.Obama declared “it's time to terminate obsolete approach which can not help promote US-Cuba relations”. However, in order to put out this, it has gone through a difficult journey.
Washington began cautiously contact with La Habana from 2013, just a few months after Mr. Obama began a second term in the White House. This responsibility was placed on the newly appointed Foreign Minister John Kerry. But where it started and how an extremely difficult task could be done in the context of frozen US - Cuba relations for decades. In that context, intermediary role is extremely important. Secretary Kerry immediately towards the support of the Vatican stretch, one of the few institutions worldwide to receive the widely respected both in the US and Cuba.
According to the Washington Post, in Spring 2013, US President allowed two senior advisers to contact with representatives of the Cuban government, discuss the possibility of promoting leading negotiations. By June of that year, Deputy National Security Advisor to US Ben Rhodes with Ricardo Zuniga - advisor over problems of Latin America flew to Canada for the first meeting among 9 confidential ones with Cuban partners. Canada did not participate directly in the negotiation process at that time.
The secret meeting took place in tension when the US held opinion that “there can be no improvement in bilateral relations if Cuba does not release the contractor Alan Gross, an American citizen”. By early 2014, a powerful middleware else involved in this process, it was Pope Francis.
Be the first Latin American holding the highest position in the Vatican stretch, the Pope mentioned the possibility of rapprochement US - Cuba with President Obama when he visited the Vatican in March. By summer, the Pope sent a letter to both President Obama and Cuban President Raul to propose the two sides resolve the humanitarian problems such  prisoners in Guantanamo, Cuba would set free American citizens Alan Gross and America would release Cuban spies. In the letter, the Pope native of the first Latin American also urged the two Presidents to end the freeze relations lasted for decades, openning a new chapter in relations between the two countries.
Thanks to the Pope and his close associates such as former representative of the Pope in Cuba or the Secretary of State, Cardinal Pietro Parolini - an adept diplomacy, Vatican secretly held a meeting and welcame nature of the decision between representatives of the United States and Cuba in last October. Meanwhile, Secretary Kerry made four telephone conversation with Cuban Foreign Minister Bruno Rodriguez to further discuss the conditions for normalizing relations, in which focused on the case of Mr. Alan Gross.
By the fall of 2014, the United States and Cuba completed the deal for the release of Alan Gross in the meeting at the Vatican stretch. Then, Washington had in turn freed three soldiers Cuban intelligence detained in prisons in the United States. The biggest barrier was lifted, the opportunity to continue negotiations be opened. The climax is a 45-minute telephone conversation between President Barak Obama and President Raul Castro on December 16th, which was considered high-level dialogue between the two countries for the first time since the US imposed a ban campaign against Cuba in 1961. Committed to re-establish full diplomatic relations between the two sides confirmed at a day later.

It can be affirmed that, although this is only the first step in the long process ahead, but this event is the turning point, marked the early history to the United States lifted the embargo lasted for more than half a century, thereby promoting bilateral relations in the fields of economy, trade, culture, education, sports,... meeting the legitimate aspirations of the peoples of the two countries.
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All comments [ 10 ]

Quân Hoàng 22/12/14 12:22

no matter how much conservatives wail and moan and gnash their teeth about us normalizing our relations with Cuba, it's gonna happen. That's what's so sweet.

Hoàng Lân 22/12/14 12:24

I'm all for this. I'm also all for eliminating the get your foot in American sand you are here for life policy. We have embassies in nasty countries all over the world. Cuba isn't even close to the top of the nasty list.

Hùng Quân 22/12/14 12:25

Fifty year old mutual grudge dissolved. That's a good thing.

Quốc Cường 22/12/14 12:29

All great stuff…except the main reason I enjoy going to Cuba….is no US citizens. Granted I don’t go often, but it’s certainly noticeable.

Huy Lâm 22/12/14 12:30

We agree with President Obama that he is writing new chapters in American foreign policy.

Phạm Hiếu 22/12/14 12:31

For over 50 years, the policy of isolating Cuba has failed to achieve any democratic reforms. It has, however, succeeded in giving the Castros a convenient excuse for the failures of socialism.

Huy Quốc 22/12/14 12:32

Engagement isn't going to turn Cuba into a model democracy overnight, but as we've seen around the world, it will certainly be an improvement over the status quo.

Vân Nhàn 22/12/14 12:33

Government control over the island will be lessened by increased American contact and commerce, and these changes will provide a boost to those who will actually make change in Cuba—the Cubans themselves.

Lê Tín 22/12/14 12:35

I don't often agree with President Obama, but he was right to begin the process of normalizing relations with Cuba.

Quốc Kiên 22/12/14 12:36

National jokes about Castro, food, and the embargo are shared as he tells the story of the people on receiving end of the U.S. and Cuba’s policies. It also focuses on some of the nation’s success, such as its health care.

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