Seven issues in the 2015 world picture

09/01/2015



The world will have to confront with many problems in the new coming year, and here are seven issues that could affect and change the international arena in 2015: 
1. The West - Russia conflicts and Threat of a potential new cold war
In the beginning of March 2014, tensions began flaring between NATO and Russia as Russian troops moved into Crimea to annex the territory that they claim is historically Russian. NATO condemned Russia's actions as a violation of Ukraine's sovereignty.[35] Co-operation with Russia was suspended on May the 1st.
A widening rift between Moscow and Washington over cruise missiles and increasingly daring patrols by nuclear-capable Russian submarines threatens to end an era of arms control and bring back a dangerous rivalry between the world’s two dominant nuclear arsenals.     
2. Failing oil prices: Who are the winners and losers?
Global oil prices have fallen sharply over the past seven months, leading to significant revenue shortfalls in many energy exporting nations, while consumers in many importing countries are likely to have to pay less to heat their homes or drive their cars.
From 2010 until mid-2014, world oil prices had been fairly stable, at around $110 a barrel. But since June prices have more than halved. Brent crude oil has now dipped below $50 a barrel for the first time since May 2009 and US crude has also fallen below $50 a barrel.
The reasons for this change are twofold - weak demand in many countries due to insipid economic growth, coupled with surging US production. Added to this is the fact that the oil cartel Opec is determined not to cut production as a way to prop up prices.
So who are some of the winners and losers?
3. The China – Russia Alliance
It is becoming more and more apparent that the newly formed alliance between Russia and China has been formed in order to fight the U.S./EU alliance. The conflict that Washington has initiated between the West and Russia/China is reckless and irresponsible. Nuclear war could be the outcome.
The Russian and Chinese governments both understand that their existence is threatened by Washington’s hegemonic ambitions. Larchmonter reports that in order to defeat Washington’s plans to marginalize both countries, the Russian and Chinese governments have decided to unify their economies into one and to conjoin their military commands. Henceforth, Russia and China move together on the economic and military fronts.
4. Prospects of Iran nuclear programs
In their last round of talks, Iran and the P5+1 countries - Russia, China, Britain, the US, France plus Germany - wrapped up a week of intense closed-door nuclear negotiations in Vienna on November 24. The talks aimed to tackle the remaining obstacles that exist in the way of reaching a final agreement.
At the end of the talks, the two sides decided to extend their discussions for seven more months. They also agreed that the interim deal they had signed in the Swiss city of Geneva last November remain in place during the remainder of the negotiations until July 1, 2015.
5. Threats of terrorism
In 2014, we saw the threat of al Qaeda continue to spread via affiliate groups in the Middle East, Asia and Africa. We also witnessed the unexpected resurgence of ISIS in Syria and Iraq. According to global risk firm Verisk Maplecroft, terrorism-related deaths worldwide increased by almost 25% between Nov 1, 2013, and Oct 31, 2014. What's in store for 2015?
6. International negotiations toward a 2015 climate agreement
Nations are working toward a new global climate change agreement, to be reached in late 2015 in Paris.  These international negotiations offer governments a critical opportunity to craft a broad, balanced and durable agreement strengthening the international climate effort.
The United Nations Climate Change Conference, COP21 or CMP11 will be held in Paris, France in 2015. The international climate conference will be held at the Le Bourget site from 30 November to 11 December 2015.[1] This will be the 21st yearly session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the 11th session of the Meeting of the Parties (CMP 11) to the 1997 Kyoto Protocol.[2] The conference objective is to achieve a legally binding and universal agreement on climate, from all the nations of the world.
7. Ebola
The most widespread epidemic of Ebola virus disease (commonly known as "Ebola") in history is currently ongoing in several West African countries.[12][13] It has caused significant mortality, with a reported case fatality rate of 70%.[14] Ebola virus disease was first described in 1976 in two simultaneous outbreaks in sub-Saharan Africa; this is the 26th outbreak and the first to occur in West Africa. It began in Guinea in December 2013 and then spread to Liberia and Sierra Leone.
As of 3 January 2015, the World Health Organization (WHO) and respective governments have reported a total of 21,097 suspected cases and 8,293 deaths,[5][6][20] though the WHO believes that this substantially understates the magnitude of the outbreak.
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All comments [ 10 ]


Huy Quốc 9/1/15 19:16

I don't think the West and U.S. will continue their confrontations with Russia for long, they will consider their interests and change soon.

Hoàng Lân 9/1/15 19:23

I believe Russia will take lead in the fight with the West and U.S.. The winter is coming and Russia's strongpoint will take effect dispite of oil prices decrease and let see!

Vân Nhàn 9/1/15 20:32

New Year is coming! Wish the world all the best. Everybody's happy, healthy and wealthy!

Quân Hoàng 9/1/15 20:42

In order to defeat Washington’s plans to marginalize both countries, the Russian and Chinese governments have decided to unify their economies into one and to conjoin their military commands.

Hùng Quân 9/1/15 20:46

The world must make U.S. and China and other developed countries to commit to a pact that help reduce the emission and save the human.

Lê Tín 9/1/15 20:50

I think Hilary will be the next U.S. president and would make the world change a lot.

Quốc Cường 9/1/15 20:56

Human should review how they treat to environment, how they change the atmosphere and how they exploit natural resources, if not, they will counter not just ebola but many other epidemics in the future.

Huy Lâm 9/1/15 21:00

I totally agree with you, people are paying for what they have done. Be alert and help to protect environment.

Quốc Kiên 9/1/15 21:03

Terrorism has become a big general threat to the world, especially after Paris shootings and the growing strength of IS.

Phạm Hiếu 9/1/15 21:09

The world must unite and stand together to cope with terrorism and extremism, before they become stronger.

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