Vietnam needs reform to narrow gap in social service access for migrants

17/06/2016


Vietnam can improve migrants’ access to public services and employment by reducing the time and number of requirements needed for residents to obtain permanent residency, according to a new report issued in Hanoi on June 16th by the World Bank and the Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences.
The report also suggests reducing differences in service and employment access between those with permanent and temporary registration status.
By drawing on data from the 2015 Household Registration Survey and qualitative research, the reports points out at least 5.6 million people in the five surveyed provinces in Vietnam lack permanent residency, including 18% in Hanoi and 36% in Ho Chi Minh city. The majority of them work in the private sector, especially in manufacturing and for foreign firms. They have limited access to public schools, buying health insurance or even registering motorcycles.
“This study shows that permanent residency system has created inequality of opportunity for Vietnamese citizens. Further reforms could ensure that migrants have the same access to schools, health care, and employment in the public sector as everyone else. That will encourage people to move to cities and support Vietnam’s economic growth and structural transformation,” said Mr Achim Fock, the World Bank’s Acting Country Director for Vietnam.
The permanent residency system began 50 years ago as an instrument of public security, economic planning, and control of migration. Citizens have mixed views of the existing permanent residency system, and a large majority says the system should be relaxed, because it limits the rights of migrants and induces corruption.
According to Mr Dang Nguyen Anh, Vice President of the Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences, the permanent residency registration is no longer relevant for managing and controlling the Vietnamese society, which has been undergoing drastic changes toward Doi Moi and international integration.

“The system should be replaced by a more scientific and modern tool to make people's lives easier and inclusive”, he said./.
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All comments [ 10 ]


John Smith 17/6/16 08:46

Facilitators and barriers to accessing reproductive health care for migrant beer promoters in Vietnam.

Gentle Moon 17/6/16 08:49

In Vietnam, the total population is characterized by increasing proportions of migrants.

LawrenceSamuels 17/6/16 08:51

The Government should provide useful information for planning health and social services and for policymaking for national economic development for all kinds of migrants..

Jane smartnic 17/6/16 08:53

In Vietnam, the transformation from a centrally planned economy with public ownership of production to a market economy that encouraged individual entrepreneurship and foreign investment (renovation, or Doi Moi in Vietnamese) began in 1986 and has led to significant economic growth and poverty reduction.

yobro yobro 17/6/16 08:54

the benefits of Doi Moi have been unequally distributed among regions

Love Peace 17/6/16 08:54

To have better supports to the lives of internal migrants – especially rural-to-urban migrants – in Viet Nam it is necessary to understand trends and characteristics of the migrants and factors promoting rural-to-urban migration.

MaskOf Zero 17/6/16 08:55

National policy needs to identify rural-to-urban migrants as an important human resource for development of national industrial zones.

Only Solidar 17/6/16 08:56

Cities/Provinces with large industrial zones or national projects need to improve their basic infrastructure such as accommodation with good living conditions, local health system, and schools for migrants’ children before opening for migrants.

Pack Cassiopian 17/6/16 08:56

National programs (e.g. health programs) related to migrants need to focus on young migrants, especially female migrants. These programs need to recognize female migrants as priority targets due to predominant proportion of this group.

Deck Hero14 17/6/16 08:57

Provinces with large industrial zones or national projects need to have specific policies for supporting migrants. These policies need to aim ensuring the rights of migrants in accessing social welfare and health insurance.

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