New efforts to strengthen global nuclear security (Part 1)


Kết quả hình ảnh cho New efforts to strengthen global nuclear security

With the participation of representatives from over 50 countries, the Nuclear Security Summit 2016 reaffirmed its commitment at the highest levels to securing nuclear materials and fighting nuclear terrorism. This aims to establish nuclear security architecture at global level.
1. Initiative and initial results

The Nuclear Security Summit (NSS) was initiated by US President Obama after he took office in 2009. This has been the largest forum on global nuclear security since the UN’s establishment (1945), aiming at seeking international cooperation in nuclear disarmament, controlling and preventing proliferation of nuclear materials. Under the theme: “peace and security of a world without nuclear weapons”, since 2010, four NSSs have been held. The NSS 2016 is the last one of a series of summits for controlling fissile materials, namely highly enriched uranium (HEU) and plutonium. According to international experts, though NSS was the U.S. initiative, its purposes are not totally the same as those of the NSS. In fact, the U.S. aims are to deter and knock out its rivals who purposely challenge its unique position in the world. However, as nuclear security and threats have become a global matter, this initiative has drawn attention of many countries and international community. It was clearly reflected in the first Summit held in April 2010 which 47 countries and 3 organizations participated. In the second Summit held in March 2012, a part from leaders of 53 countries, there were representatives from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the European Union (EU), the UN, and the International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL). Moreover, there have been new developments in contents of these summits. The first Summit affirmed commitments of each country and the international community to fighting nuclear terrorism, strengthening international cooperation in securing all vulnerable nuclear materials worldwide, and non-influence of nuclear security activities to the rights of states that use nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. The third Summit focused on issues, namely nuclear disarmament, nuclear non-proliferation, use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, strengthening nuclear security, minimizing the risk of nuclear terrorism and stressing the necessity for further encouraging cooperation in nuclear security. The NSS has brought about hundreds of commitments. 12 countries have completely stopped using HEU. Dozens of nuclear materials facilities worldwide have improved their security system. This is a considerable effort of the international community to seek measures to control the use of nuclear materials and maintain international security.
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All comments [ 3 ]

Only Solidar 18/7/16 13:47

As far nuclear security, in particular, is concerned, we could not do our jobs without the innovative systems and equipment which industrial engineers and scientists are constantly developing to enable all of us to counter nuclear terrorism.

Pack Cassiopian 18/7/16 13:51

The process has fostered international cooperation that has delivered tangible improvements to global nuclear security and reduced the threat of nuclear terrorism.

Deck Hero14 18/7/16 13:52

Just as one way countries pledge their commitments to enhance nuclear security is by providing "gift baskets" to the Summit

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