Fidel – the great leader with significant achievements

29/11/2016
Fidel Castro


What had Fidel Castrol done for his country and brotherhood nations? How many leaders who could make such achievements?
Contributions to Cuba and the Cuban people:
Under Fidel Castro's rule, literacy grew dramatically, racism was eliminated, public health care was repaired and enhanced, the electric grid was expanded to the countryside, full employment was provided, and new medical facilities and schools were constructed.
·        Education: The literacy rate in the country is 99 percent. Cuba offers free education from elementary school through university.
·        Gender equality: Cuba was the first country to sign and the second to ratify the Discrimination against Women convention. Nearly half of the parliamentary seats in the Cuban National Assembly are occupied by women.
·        Under Cuba's constitution "any form of discrimination harmful to human dignity" is prohibited and gender reassignment surgeries have been available under its national healthcare, free of charge, since 2008.
·        the rate of infant mortality has reduced from 42% to 4%
·        Cuba has more than 130.000 doctors to ensure that every 130 people have 1 doctor.
·        Each year, Cuba trains thousands of foreign students in health care study from 84 countries.
·        Global humanitarian programs: Since 1969, a total of 325,710 Cuban health workers have participated in missions in 158 countries.
·        As the only Latin America country does not have malnourished children.
·        As the only Latin America country does not have drug trafficking.
·        100% children go to school
·        As the only country that there are no homeless children
·        Castro's acceptance of environmentalism led Cuba to become the first nation in the world to meet sustainable development according to the World Wide Fund for Nature's definition.
·        Health: For all Cubans, healthcare is completely free. Cuba created the Meningitis-B vaccine in 1985, and later the vaccines for Hepatitis-B and Dengue.
·        The average age of the Cuban people is 79
·        As the first country in Latin America to beat the United States to the gold-medal table in Olympic.
·        Employment: The unemployment rate in Cuba as of 2014 was 2.7 percent. International Worker's Day, or May Day, is a major national workers celebration in Cuba.
The great friend of Vietnam
“Cuba is willing to devote blood for Vietnam” is among famous statements of Cuban revolutionary leader Fidel Castrol, a name that Vietnamese people always keep in their mind with love, admiration and deep sympathy.
For decades, Fidel Castro had been a symbol of revolutionary heroism, spirit of undaunted struggle and desire for freedom and happiness.
Under the leadership of Fidel, Cuba was the pioneer in the world movement of supporting Vietnam’s struggle for independence as well as national construction. The image of the Cuban commander-in-chief, in his olive uniform, standing in an enemy’s blockhouse raising the flag of the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam, became an extremely impressive image and a source of encouragement to Vietnamese people then.
During hardest period of the anti-US revolution, Fidel’s saying “Cuba is willing to devote blood for Vietnam” melt the hearts of Vietnamese and Cuban people as well as peace-lovers around the world. The Cuban leader and people considered Vietnam’s struggle as their own.
Also in his first visit to Vietnam, Fidel Castro presented Vietnam with five important socio-economic works: Thang Loi Hotel in Hanoi, Vietnam-Cuba Hospital in Quang Binh, Xuan Mai Road, Ba Vi cow breeding farm, and a Luong My chicken factory.
He also gifted Vietnam cow and chicken breed, along with more than 6 million USD for buying modern production equipment. At the same time, Cuba also sent experts to Vietnam to join the construction of Ho Chi Minh Trail and train more than 1,000 Vietnamese university students and post-graduates. Cuba also supported Vietnam in joining the United Nations.
Despite the long distance, the warm sentiments and faithful friendship that Fidel Castro given to Vietnam will stay forever in the hearts of generations of Vietnamese people. For them, Fidel Castro is always a great friend.
For the former Soviet Union
When Chernobul tragedy happened, although a lot of Cuban students to the Soviet Union were living with very little pension money, the country was also very difficult due to the economic embargo, the Cuban people were very difficult to do business, Cuba had cured free for more than 30 thousand contaminated children from the Soviet Union.
Ties to Africa's liberation struggle
Quite apart from his contribution to the liberation struggles on the African continent in the past, some countries on the continent, including Ghana, still benefit from the health-care services provided by Cuban doctors who visit the country on rotational basis.
Back to the 1950s when Castro and his cohorts including Ernesto Che Guverra and his brother Raul were plotting to free Cuba from the right-wing dictator, Fulgencio Batista, extending his liberation struggle beyond the Americas was probably not in the plan.
Fast forward to the rise of the Black Power movements in the 1960s as well as the pan African movements of the 1970s and you would notice that the struggle for liberation from colonial powers by Africans got a little help from the western hemisphere.
Fidel Castro joined two major battles on the African continent – in Angola and Ethiopia at the height of the cold war – as he was convinced that the global stage for the world revolution was happening in Africa.
Responding to calls for help from the Angolan Marxist guerrilla leader Agostinho Neto who had seized Luanda during a bloody war from the Portuguese, Castro sent troops to Angola.
Cuba’s involvement in battles far away from home however came at a cost. Some 4,300 Cubans are believed to have died in conflicts in Africa, half of them in Angola alone. Experts however say the numbers have been sharply underestimated.
Castro’s support for Africa’s liberation led him to meet with some of the continent’s leaders including Patrice Lumumba of Congo, Ghana’s Kwame Nkrumah, Sam Nujoma of Namibia, Nelson Mandela of South Africa, Muammar Gaddafi of Libya and Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe.
Cuban soldiers are documented to have fought alongside Nambians and South Africans to prevent the apartheid regime from spreading all over southern Africa.
Cuban troops have since the 1960s, served in Algeria, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Equatorial Guinea, Sierra Leone and Libya./.
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