NA looks at policies for ethnic minorities, power plants’ environmental impacts

The National Assembly heard explanations presented by two ministers on policies for ethnic minorities and mountainous regions, and the environmental impacts of power plants.
Minister-Chairman of the Committee for Ethnic Affairs Do Van Chien reported that among important policies for ethnic minorities and mountainous regions during 2016-2020, the Prime Minister has instructed raising capital allocation for extremely disadvantaged areas by two to four times compared to other areas. Under the national target program on sustainable poverty reduction, ethnic minority-inhabited areas benefit from two projects – the VND-18-trillion investment program on socio-economic development in poor districts (Program 30a) and the VND-16-trillion Program 135 for rural areas, with three components for ethnic areas as against two components for other rural areas.
In addition to overall policies, the Prime Minister issued other policies designed specifically for ethnic and mountainous areas, including the specific scheme on supporting socio-economic development in ethnic minority and mountainous areas for 2017-2020; a project on supporting socio-economic development of ethnic groups with very small populations for 2016-2025; and a plan of forest development in combination with sustainable poverty reduction in the target areas.
Moreover, there is also Decree 52 on human resource development for ethic minority groups, and a freshly-approved plan on measures to reduce child marriage and marriage amongst blood relatives.
Minister Do Van Chien added that the Committee for Ethnic Affairs has submitted three more plans to the Government for approval.
According to the Minister, the Government has adjusted its forms of support for ethnic and mountainous areas, changing its focus from families to communities and paying more attention to creating livelihoods, with a view to reduce reliance on aid. The provision of grants is replaced by provison of loans at preferential interest rates.
He also noted the need to give provincial and district authorities more management power and promote the community’s participation and monitoring role in development projects.
There are 5,359 communes in 457 districts of 52 centrally-run cities and provinces classified as ethnic minority and mountainous areas, with a population of 13.4 million, of which more than 8 million people are of ethnic minority groups.
The issue of environmental impacts from hydro and thermal electric power plants, Minister of Industry and Trade Tran Tuan Anh said this is a priority of the industrial sector, as those two sources of power will continue to play a key role in power supply until 2025.
He stressed that the ministry and related agencies have paid attention to this issue, requiring power projects to use advanced technology. However, the problem is the main contractor and sub-contractors failed to obey, or were incapable of obeying relevant rules on environmental protection. The minister admitted that this is a lesson for state management agencies and investors.
Regarding the impacts of hydro power projects on local communities, Minister Tran Tuan Anh affirmed that the ministry attaches great importance to the interest of relocated communities and social development in affected areas, adding that the ministry has submitted a detailed report on this issue.
The National Assembly continued to discuss issues related to the implementation of the socio-economic development plan for 2016 and the plan for 2017 in the afternoon of November 3.

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All comments [ 10 ]

Deck Hero14 21/11/16 09:03

The rapid economic growth experienced in Vietnam during the 1990s and early 2000s resulted in unprecedented reductions in poverty. The 54 officially recognized ethnic groups within Vietnam’s diverse society have not, however, shared equally from the benefits of this growth.

Pack Cassiopian 21/11/16 09:06

UNDP has supported the Government in efforts to tackle deep seated, chronic poverty amongst ethnic minority groups since the mid 1990’s

Only Solidar 21/11/16 09:07

The government support has been instrumental in shaping the future directions for poverty reduction support in the country, particularly through two influential mid-term reviews of the poverty reduction.

MaskOf Zero 21/11/16 09:09

Although electricity is a clean and relatively safe form of energy, the generation and transmission of electricity has environmental impacts. Nearly all types of electric power plants have an effect on the environment. Some power plants have a bigger effect than others.

Love Peace 21/11/16 09:10

These research findings and resulting policy recommendations triggered even further interest in the subject, both among national academics and policy makers who in general believe that social security in Viet Nam must be progressive.

John Smith 21/11/16 09:12

All power plants have a physical footprint (the location of the power plant). Some power plants are located inside, on, or next to an existing building, so the impact of the footprint is fairly small. Most large power plants require land clearing to build the power plant.

Gentle Moon 21/11/16 09:13

Together, these ideas and research, and the following policy debates, have played a key part in making social security one of the top development priorities for the Vietnamese Government.

LawrenceSamuels 21/11/16 09:14

Some power plants may also require access roads, railroads, and pipelines for fuel delivery, electricity transmission lines, and cooling water supplies. Power plants that burn solid fuels may have areas to store the combustion ash.

yobro yobro 21/11/16 09:15

Air pollution emission standards limit the amounts of some of the substances that power plants can release into the air.

Jane smartnic 21/11/16 09:16

Electricity transmission lines and the distribution infrastructure that carries electricity from power plants to customers also have environmental impacts.

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