A strong UN – A better world


Exactly 70 years ago, on 24 October 1945, the United Nations Charter entered into force. Just weeks after World War II ended, the United Nations became a reality. 2015 marks the global celebration of the 70th anniversary of the United Nations, which aims to honour the historic breadth of the Organization’s development, security and human rights work. The “UN70” celebration also aims to unite Member States, global civil society and the many individual women and men working in common cause to enable a strong UN to realize a better world.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation. A replacement for the ineffective League of Nations, the organization was established on 24 October 1945 after World War II in order to prevent another such conflict.
The UN has six principal organs: the General Assembly (the main deliberative assembly); the Security Council (for deciding certain resolutions for peace and security); the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) (for promoting international economic and social co-operation and development); the Secretariat (for providing studies, information, and facilities needed by the UN); the International Court of Justice (the primary judicial organ); and the United Nations Trusteeship Council (inactive since 1994). UN System agencies include the World Bank Group, the World Health Organization, the World Food Programme, UNESCO, and UNICEF. The UN's most prominent officer is the Secretary-General, an office held by South Korean Ban Ki-moon since 2007. Non-governmental organizations may be granted consultative status with ECOSOC and other agencies to participate in the UN's work.
For all its flaws, the United Nations remains the only plausible forum for engaging broad global challenges like sustainable development. The most important environmental achievements of the past 40 years – the rise of environmental awareness, the birth of key ideas such as sustainability or the common heritage of humanity and the most important global treaties for environmental protection –all bear the UN stamp in one way or another.
The 70th anniversary of the United Nations is an opportunity to reflect – to look back on the UN’s history and take stock of its enduring achievements. It is also an opportunity to spotlight where the UN – and the international community as a whole – needs to redouble its efforts to meet current and future challenges across the three pillars of its work: peace and security, development, and human rights.
Human rights were defined as one of the purposes of the organization. 70 years later, as UN membership expanded from 53 to 193 states, how does the organization carry out its mandate to ensure universal, effective respect for human rights? What are the key stakes in this regard?
Seventy years ago, with the founding of the United Nations, all nations reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, and in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small.
The commitment to fundamental human rights that was enshrined in the United Nations Charter and later in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights lives on today in many other treaties and agreements, including the Programme of Action of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development.
If we are lucky enough as individuals to make it to 70 years old, most of us would probably wish to be retired, sitting back in a comfy chair and enjoying the fruits of our labor.  However, when the United Nations turns 70 on Saturday, 24 October 2015, its 193 member states and all its staff know that our work is far from over.  There is no room for the leisure and comforts of retirement.
In addition to reaching the end of its seventh decade, this year marks two other important milestones for the UN.  This is the year when the world’s Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) end – the eight goals that aimed to reduce poverty and hunger as well as improve health, education, gender equality and environmental sustainability.  This year, an ambitious new set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will take their place -- our collective roadmap for equitable and sustainable development for the coming 15 years, 2016-2030.
On the UN’s 70th birthday, the Organisation and all its members and partners are more than doubling their ‘to do’ list, because now, more than ever, we need to ensure that no-one is left behind in the journey towards a far more equitable and just world. 
The new Post-2015 Global Sustainable Development Agenda is founded on principles of equality, rights and dignity. As we observe the 70th anniversary of the United Nations and look forward to the post-2015 development agenda, we must prioritise the promotion and protection of human rights and dignity for every person, for current and future generations, to create the future we want./.
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All comments [ 20 ]

Gentle Moon 27/10/15 20:43

The organization won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2001, and a number of its officers and agencies have also been awarded the prize.

Deck Hero14 27/10/15 20:44

Some commentators believe the organization to be an important force for peace and human development.

LawrenceSamuels 27/10/15 20:45

Congratulations UN! Go ahead.

Pack Cassiopian 27/10/15 20:48

We have a historic opportunity this year to tackle the causes of poverty through the Post 2015 development framework.

Love Peace 27/10/15 20:49

On September 25, 2015, the Global Goals for Sustainable Development were unanimously adopted by the United Nations at the 70th session of the General Assembly.

yobro yobro 27/10/15 20:50

One of the UN's primary purposes is "promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction.

MaskOf Zero 27/10/15 20:52

However the UN is unable to take significant action against human rights abuses without a Security Council resolution.

John Smith 27/10/15 20:53

Yeah, UN still has many weaknesses.

Only Solidar 27/10/15 20:55

In 1948, the General Assembly adopted a Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which has become the basis of two binding treaties, the 1966 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.

Jane smartnic 27/10/15 20:56

I support an agenda that will leave no one behind and will respect the equal rights of men and women.

Elizabeth Green 28/10/15 06:00

the UN is the most powerful organization in the world. It plays a key role in keeping the peace, stability and development.

Funny Day 28/10/15 06:03

but sometimes it ineffectively works out and it's voice is weak

Anthony Jones 28/10/15 06:09

some permanent member countries of the UN Security Council serve their own national interest, not for the international community

erica black 28/10/15 06:14

I think the United Nations should be reformed beacause the decision power on every issues of the world mainly depends on only some countries.

Dennis White 28/10/15 06:19

it's unfair and it's very difficult for the UN to reach the united stance in solving the problems in the world

Williams Melanie 29/10/15 06:08

5 permanent member countries of the UN Security Council have rights to veto any the UN's resolutions

Davis Caroline 29/10/15 06:12

It can't denied that the UN has made significant contributions to the peacekeeping, reduction of poverty, dealing with disasters, diseases

Thompson Catherine 29/10/15 06:15

many countries suppose that the number of permanent member countries of the UN Security Council should be raised from 5 to 10

Jack Walker 29/10/15 06:19

It's a good idea. I agree with that idea because it's easier for the UN to make decisions and fairer, more exact

Evans David 29/10/15 06:22

Japan wants to become a permanent member of the UN Security Council. It has received supports from many countries.

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