Reducing poverty goals in ethnic minorities from 2016 - 2020

09/12/2015


Experts said Viet Nam is a pioneer in Asia in applying and implementing the multidimensional approach to poverty measurement. During the past two decades, Viet Nam has seen its poverty reduction rate reduce from 58.1% in 1993 to under 10%.
The National Assembly’s Ethnic Minority Council, Committee of Ethnic Minority Affairs (CEMA) and the United Nations in Viet Nam, focused on  identifying ethnic minority disparities and recommended priority action to be mainstreamed into the 2016-2020 Socio-Economic Development Plan (SEDP) as well as sector plans.
The 2016-2010 National Targeted Program for Sustainable Poverty reduction will promote decentralization and empowerment at grassroots and community levels, and strengthen people’s participation and oversight before, during, and after the implementation process. The Master Project is aimed at further improving people’s access to basic social services, especially healthcare, education, housing, clean water and sanitation, and information, and, at the same time, better classifying poor households to tailor support solutions.
 “Leave no one behind and Actions of Viet Nam” is the theme of the poverty reduction forum organized in Ha Noi, October 15, 2015 – in commemoration of the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty and Viet Nam’s Day for the Poor (17 October).
UN Resident Coordinator Dr Pratibha Mehta welcomed the development of the action plan to set out ethnic minority development priorities as "a central theme of the 2016-2020 SEDP" in the context of sustainable development goals – Post 2015.
 “Viet Nam might address the tendencies towards inequality which emerge as countries grow and develop, especially in middle-income countries. International experience and Viet Nam’s experience from the early stages of Doi moi show that it is possible to avoid a trade-off between equity and efficiency. The developmental gaps between ethnic minorities and the majority are not inevitable and can be closed by greater inclusion of minorities in the country’s socio-economic and political life. The key is to recognize the productive value of diversity. In turn, the national economy can be grown through enhancing all people’s capacity to seize new development opportunities and unlock their full potential.”
However, Viet Nam is faced with many challenges in assuring the sustainability of this result and further reducing poverty in the areas where poverty and hunger are still chronic. Although Viet Nam has made significant achievements in implementing the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), poverty reduction and MDG achievement in ethnic minority communities severely lags behind national trends. The poverty rate of ethnic minorities accounted 56% of the country's poor households, while minorities had difficulty accessing basic services, such as those for healthcare, clean water and education. The child mortality rate among minorities was double that of Kinh people and the malnutrition rate of ethnic minority underweight babies (33 per cent) contrasted with the national average (15.3 percent).
Vietnam aims to keep the malnutrition rate among ethnic children under five years old at below 8%, the literacy rate among ethnic people aged ten upwards at over 98%, and the illiteracy rate among ethnic women at below 10% as of 2025.
Additionally, the percentage of ethnic people with HIV/AIDS is targeted to be reduced by less than or equal to 0.3% by 2025, while over 50% of the ethnic group population are targeted to have access to safe water.
In order to achieve those targets, it requires institutionalization of MDGs towards ethnic minorities into the 2016-2020 socio-economic development strategies and plans of the country and each ministry, sector and locality; enhancement of intersectoral coordination from central to local levels in MDGs implementation; and mobilization of resources for the fulfillment of MDGs, towards several sustainable development goals among ethnic groups after 2015.
To make the commitment before the international community, the Government of Vietnam has actively innovative approach poverty measurement from single to multi-dimensional way, applicable for the period 2016-2020 with purpose solutions with support livelihoods, income generation, further enhancing the accessibility of the population on basic social services, especially in health, education, housing, water sanitation, and information; classify objects to poverty solutions tailored support, in order of priority, identify more comprehensive poverty, assess the extent of social progress over the years and the whole period. This is a new approach by the international community recommends that countries use to solve poverty. Vietnam is a country in Asia has pioneered the application and implementation of this method, is expressed through the early issuance of Decision No. 1614 / QD-TTg approving the scheme conversion approach poverty measurement from single multidimensional way to apply for the period 2016-2020 in September.
According to the Minister of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs, Vietnam will reform the system mechanisms and policies towards poverty reduction focus, overcoming fragmentation, scattered and inefficient. Poverty policies should promote the role of community participation, arouse a sense of escape from poverty is the poor, limiting support policies not increase lending policy conditions, have completed pay and terms of payment; while mainstreaming gender equality, priority support policies for women and children, ethnic minority poverty, expansion of policies for poor households, middle income. 
People believe that with strong commitment and diverse experience in implementing poverty reduction and Millennium Development Goals of the Government of Vietnam, the objective of sustainable development will be implemented successfully and poor hunger will be eliminated in all its forms and everywhere in Vietnam, “will” no one is left behind./.
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All comments [ 11 ]


Deck Hero14 9/12/15 22:09

The progress of poverty reduction among ethnic minority groups is much slower, with their poverty ratio being 3.5 times higher than that of the country’s average.

LawrenceSamuels 9/12/15 22:10

An annual 3-4% decrease in the poverty rate of ethnic groups is one of the specific targets of realising Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) towards ethnic minorities associated with the post-2015 sustainable development goals.

John Smith 9/12/15 22:10

It is also necessary to boost the empowerment of local authorities; facilitate local people’s participation in building and implementing policies on poverty reduction

Love Peace 9/12/15 22:11

Vietnam has shown strong commitment to advance the international community with all the political, solutions and resources.

Love Peace 9/12/15 22:12

The poverty rate in Vietnam has dropped rapidly from 58% in 1993 to 5.97% at end-2014.

Gentle Moon 9/12/15 22:13

poverty reduction results have contributed to social stability and create conditions for sustainable development of the country

Pack Cassiopian 9/12/15 22:14

Poverty reduction achievements of Vietnam was the UN appreciated and recognized as a bright spot on poverty reduction.

Jane smartnic 9/12/15 22:15

the poverty rate in Vietnam fell rapidly below 10%, the rate of primary education is nearly 100% for all children boys and girls

Only Solidar 9/12/15 22:16

However the remaining challenges are ahead, if you want to realize the ambitious idea of the goal of sustainable development in Vietnam.

yobro yobro 9/12/15 22:17

Vietnam implement the national target program on sustainable poverty reduction 2016-2020 period and allocated towards identifying medium-term investment for the local 5 years to the initiative, allocate portfolios in order of preference.

MaskOf Zero 9/12/15 22:19

These expressed high determination, and commitment of the Government of Vietnam in the successful implementation of the Millennium Development Goals.

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