Promoting comprehensive growth in mountainous areas


The latest report by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Mountain Partnership on the occasion of International Mountain Day (December 11th, 2015) showed that although the statistics on world hunger are already decreased but the number of people who are victims of food instability in the mountainous region increased 30% during the period 2000-2012.
Accordingly, the number of people suffered food instability in the mountainous areas in the developing world was nearly 329 million in 2012, much higher than the figure of 253 million people in 2000, even if the world population in mountainous areas is only increased by 16% during the same period.
The mountainous areas account for 22% of the earth's surface and are home to 13% of the population.
Speaking in the occasion of publication the research’s results, FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva noted: "The living conditions of the people at the mountainous areas have deteriorated and they are more easily affected by famine. The mountainous communities are particularly vulnerable by food shortages due to the harsh climate and terrain difficult to access, as well as separated status from political life and society".
According to Mr. José Graziano da Silva, while our goal now is to achieve the objective of sustainable development, the international community and partner of resources need to invest in the mountainous areas to improve efforts of FAO and Mountain Partnership.
In addition, the rise in hunger is not the only challenge that the mountainous communities face. About 90% of them live in developing countries, where most people depend on subsistence farming and working in fragile ecosystems which are easy to make them become the victim of climate change.
Mr. Thomas Hofer, Coordinator of the Secretariat of the Mountain Partnership evaluated that: For the people at the mountainous areas, it is a clear injustice: the communities make least carbon emissions in the world are first victims suffered damage due to global warming. "For example, due to rising temperatures, pests and diseases are also increasing. Damage to crops and livestock are a growing reality. In addition, the increasingly severe impact of hurricanes, avalanches, landslides and glacial lake overflow causes serious impacts on the lives of people and destructs infrastructure, interrupt community access to roads, schools, markets and health services"- he added.
In this context, FAO emphasized the need to have a strong political commitment and effective measures to reverse the trend and address to the every roots of instable food in the mountainous areas, fill the gap between flat and mountainous communities.
For rural communities, a key factor is inclusive growth. This growth means promoting universal access to food, assets and resources, especially for the poor and women, so that they can develop their own potential.
In the mountainous areas, where farming systems are mainly made up of small families and farms, forestry and animal, these factors play especially important role to create an environment institutions and favorable policy when people have access to services such as training, information, credit and health care, as well as appropriate infrastructure.

In addition, investment and technical assistance also need to diversify and strengthen the production system in the mountains, for example by combining the experience of indigenes and tradition with modern technologies.
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All comments [ 10 ]

John Smith 17/12/15 08:46

Valley economy is a new mode in mountainous area development that is defined by various characters of valley development, and is a distinguishing economical geographic pattern for mountainous area development.

Gentle Moon 17/12/15 08:48

The special spatial coupling relations in the dis-tribution of different mountainous elements in valleys are new subjects for the mountain de-velopment studies, and such studies are meaningful both for researches and practices.

LawrenceSamuels 17/12/15 08:50

valley economy can exert positive influence on the development in the mountainous areas, at least in the aspects such as the rearrangement of industrial structure in the mountainous areas and the coordinated development of rural and urban areas

Jane smartnic 17/12/15 08:51

the development of valley economy will be helpful to the coordination between ecological protection and economic development in the mountainous areas, and will promote the integrated development of the mountainous areas.

yobro yobro 17/12/15 08:54

it is a new angle of view in the research of mountain development.

Love Peace 17/12/15 08:56

As an important geographical type, mountains have attracted much attention, which are mainly paid to the problems involved in resources, eco-environment, land and enterprise development

MaskOf Zero 17/12/15 08:59

Economic development is proposed because of the spatial characters in the mountainous areas, and as an important part in the research on regional economic development it represents the developmental trend in the mountainous areas.

Only Solidar 17/12/15 09:01

with the satisfactory conditions and the industries which can stimulate economic growth can be the new growing poles in the mountainous areas.

Pack Cassiopian 17/12/15 09:02

It is an ideal model for mountain development.

Deck Hero14 17/12/15 09:03

As a consequence, there is considerable confusion among government decision-makers and those implementing development plans about the different definitions, objectives and areas of application between the valley economy model and other models for regional development

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