FAO recommends extending social protection to eliminate hunger

01/11/2015
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According to a new report on the situation of food and agriculture in the world, in poor countries, the system of social protection - especially cash flow, food, education and public projects - supplies an economic mean to help people most escape extreme poverty and hunger, as well as improve health, education and the chances of success for children.
In developing countries, the social protection programs bring benefit in many different ways for 2.1 billion people, of which 150 million individuals saved from extreme poverty. According to the report, if we want to quickly reduce the number of people living in poverty, we need to expand this program in the rural area and link these programs with the growth policy.
The FAO report published before the anniversary of World Food Day (16/10), in which this year's theme stressed the importance of social protection for breaking the vicious circle of poverty in rural areas.
“We need urgent action to assist the most vulnerable people in order to liberate the world from poverty” - FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva said. "The social protection programs enable households to have access to nutrition more frequently and increase planting productivity as well as to make nutrition and their food more variety and nutritious. These programs have a positive effect on nutrition for children and mothers, reduce child labor and improve school attendance as well as a favorable factors to increase productivity”.
According to the report, only about one third of the world's poorest people receive some forms of social protection. This percentage is still very low in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, the regions with the highest poverty rates.
Without social support, many poor and vulnerable people have to struggle to escape the trap of poverty, disease and lack of education, hurting future generations.
Most countries - even the poorest - can also have a certain form of social protection. According to the evaluation of FAO, about 67 billion dollars of additional revenue every year, most of which provide for the social protection program along with other forms of investment, which are intended for poor farmers to eliminate hunger by 2030. This financial accounting under 0.10% of world GDP.
Currently, many extremely poor households are forced to sell assets, children have to work and exploit land unsustainably or do low-paying jobs.
However, the basic social system gives the poor the ability to improve potential production as well as bring about positive benefits for the local economy, increase business opportunities, higher wages agriculture, enable the poorest people to purchase goods or invest in assets.
According to FAO, at least 145 countries now offer one or more forms of social protection, especially the unconditional cash flow which is  synonymous with subsidies for those who benefit. These countries also provide forms of conditional cash flow  associated with going to school or health care as well as public labor programs for job security. Other forms of social protection such as the natural flow form of distribution of food or food programs in schools.
However, the report also stressed that in order to completely eliminate hunger, it need to coordinate public investment in social protection for the public and private investments in agriculture and rural development. Such measures will contribute to ensuring a comprehensive economic growth, enable breaking the vicious circle of rural poverty in a sustainable way.


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All comments [ 16 ]


Thompson Catherine 2/11/15 05:54

the poverty and hunger is one of the most serious challenges for many countries, especially in Africa and South Asia.

Funny Day 2/11/15 06:00

many people who live in poverty expect assist from goverment's program of social protection

Anthony Jones 2/11/15 06:24

to address poverty problem need determination and involvement of governments and the social classes

Williams Melanie 2/11/15 06:27

some countries have effectively implemented the reduction of poverty and were appreciated by FOA

Davis Caroline 2/11/15 06:30

Vietnam is one of the most outstanding example for the reduction of poverty and recognized by the international community

John Smith 2/11/15 14:24

Poverty in its various forms has increasingly occupied the attention of the international community during the last decade.

Gentle Moon 2/11/15 14:25

Hunger and food insecurity - the most serious forms of extreme poverty - have now become international priorities,

LawrenceSamuels 2/11/15 14:26

During the last decade, food insecurity and malnutrition appear to have contributed to an increasing frequency of crisis events as well as to the vulnerability of countries to shocks. Most of today's armed conflicts and natural disasters are concentrated in regions heavily dependent on agriculture and in countries with a high proportion of food-insecure households and classified by FAO as "low-income food deficit".

Jane smartnic 2/11/15 14:27

As well as being a consequence of a conflict, food insecurity can be the cause and lead to conflict.

yobro yobro 2/11/15 14:27

Hunger may induce conflict when people feel they have nothing to lose and military service offers a free meal and the power that goes with touting a gun.

Love Peace 2/11/15 14:28

The slow pace of poverty and hunger reduction points to an urgent need for strategies that better target the areas where poor people live and the activities on which their lives depend.

MaskOf Zero 2/11/15 14:29

Today, 75 percent of poor people in developing countries live in rural areas. In 2020, when the majority of the world population is projected to live in urban areas, 60 percent of poverty will still be rural poverty.

Only Solidar 2/11/15 14:29

Agriculture is the principal driving force of the rural economy and, for those developing countries without substantial mineral resources, often the whole economy.

Pack Cassiopian 2/11/15 14:30

People in abject hunger must have enough to eat if they are to share the benefits of agricultural and rural growth. The vicious circle of undernourishment leading to low productivity and growth perpetuates underdevelopment and hunger.

Deck Hero14 2/11/15 14:31

There is now substantial evidence of the economic and social benefits of early health and nutrition interventions. The lesson is that targeted nutritional interventions are a cost-effective way of investing in alleviating human suffering, increasing productivity and generating economic returns.

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