Access to water - a basic human right


Meeting the needs of water both about quality and quantity is a prerequisite for sustainable development. The statistics from the research agency of water resources in the world shows that since the early 20th century, global water consumption has increased by seven times. The causes of this increase due to the raise of population, the process of industrialization and urbanization taking place rapidly in many countries. However, water management and treatment to environmental problems is not really respected, especially in developing countries.
Meanwhile, due to variations in temperature and precipitation, there is not enough water to meet people’s demand in many regions. According to forecasts, by 2030, there will be 1.8 billion people living in the area of “completely water scarcity” and two-thirds of the world's population will live in difficult conditions on the water supply. Worryingly, the scarcity of water in many countries is becoming the biggest threat to food security, health, human life, the sustainability of natural ecosystems and may be the cause of diplomatic conflicts, armed conflict between nations in the future.
Government of Vietnam strives to enhance and strengthen policies in the field of water resources, promoting cooperation with countries in sharing the water with Vietnam as well as enlisting the support of international organizations, countries in the region and around the world to effectively protect water resources. Thereby, it can contribute to the sustainable development process of the country and mankind throughout the world.
However, Vietnam and many countries around the world are facing with the pressures of population growth, the process of industrialization, rapid urbanization and the impact of climate change which lead to degraded water quality and reserves. To address the above matter, the competent authorities have issued the Law on Water Resources - the legal documents on water resources, creating a legal framework for the implementation of the functions of state management of water resources. The training, strengthening human resource management of water resources has always been respected. Activities of planning, protecting, exploiting and using water resources and preventiing harmful affects caused by water... are implemented uniformly at all levels and initially obtained the best encouraging results in this regard.
The UN Conference on Water in 1997 agreed that “all people, regardless of age, economic status, sociaty have access to water quantity and quality for their basic needs”. Summit on Environment in South Africa - country at the highest level among the five priorities for sustainable development, including water - energy - health - agriculture and biodiversity. Recognizing the importance of water in the sustainable development of mankind so as the host country of IPU-132, the problem of water for the first time put on the agenda of the General Assembly.
Hopefully, with their responsibilities, delegations discussed and reached a consensus to adopt a Resolution of Congress on this issue because water resource is essential for human life and sustainable development of all countries. It is also at top priority for the sustainable development of mankind for all the nations of the world together to protect and preserve extremely valuable natural resources not only today, but also for future generations with the goal of basic human right.

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All comments [ 10 ]

Hoàng Lân 13/4/15 20:52

Should water be legally recognised as a human right?

Hùng Quân 13/4/15 20:54

The human right to water is increasingly serving as a tool for communities throughout the world.

Quốc Cường 13/4/15 20:56

In 2010, the United Nations General Assembly recognized that water and sanitation should be a human right. Water as a human right is as much about the quality, making sure that the water is clean and you do not get sick from drinking it, as it is about access.

Huy Lâm 13/4/15 20:56

Safe drinking water and adequate sanitation are crucial for poverty reduction, crucial for sustainable development and crucial for achieving any and every one of the Millennium Development Goals"

Phạm Hiếu 13/4/15 20:57

without access to water, other rights could not be exercised such as the "right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being" and the fact that "Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance."

Quốc Kiên 13/4/15 20:58

The right to water was not considered as a right in itself in earlier UN human rights texts, but merely as a tool to guarantee other rights.

Lê Tín 13/4/15 20:59

With the recognition of water as a human right, the UN is taking action. The UN will use its available means and mechanisms to monitor the progress of nations in realizing the right to water and sanitation and to hold governments accountable.

Vân Nhàn 13/4/15 21:00

Having recognized safe and clean drinking water and sanitation as a human right, pressure is now on local and national authorities to provide a better infrastructure for drains and clean water.

Huy Quốc 13/4/15 21:00

For many of those who have access to water, it is either too expensive or suitable for consumption, often exposed to dangerous levels of biological contaminants and chemical pollutants partly due to inadequate management of urban, industrial or agricultural waste water. Simply put, for many people water is not yet a human right.

Quân Hoàng 13/4/15 21:01

Access to safe water should no longer be seen as a service, but as a human right. States and organizations should work towards using economic resources and technology to provide safe, clean, accessible and affordable water particularly in the developing countries.

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