Positive signs of reducing mortality in children


Kết quả hình ảnh cho Positive signs of reducing mortality in children

According to the latest report announced on September 9, 2015 by the UNICEF, the rate of infant mortality in the world has been halved that allows saving 48 million children under 5 years since 2000 - the year when governments committed to implementing the Millennium Development Goals (MDG).
The UNICEF report said 38 million people will be saved in the period from now until 2030 if improvements are made in correspond to the Millennium Development Goals that world leaders attend to approve this month.
Number of children died before the age of five mainly due to preventable causes. The current number is around 5.9 million children each year, decreasing 53% in comparison to 1990. On a global scale, annual reduction proportion of children under age 5 died in the period from the year 2000 to 2015 has been more than doubled in comparison with 1990.
According to UNICEF, this significant progress is the result of the continuous efforts of the leaders to develop a plan of action to combat infant mortality and to make this issue become a political priority, thereby improving and building the relevant data on child survival and expansion of proven effective interventions.
Typically in some of the poorest countries in the world shows that it can significantly reduce the mortality rate among children despite many not small obstacles.
Among 81 countries with low income or lower middle income, 24 countries including Cambodia, Ethiopia, Bangladesh and Uganda have achieved the MDGs - reducing two third or more the mortality in children under 5 years old.
In the period since 2000 - 2015, 21 countries of the Sahara Africa have reversed the trend of mortality increase or even a 3-fold increase the pace of progress in this area in comparison with 1990.
"Millions of lives in rural areas and cities or rich and poor countries is one of the first major success of the new millennium. One of the biggest challenges of the next 15 years is to continue accelerate this trend”, Ms. Yoka Brandt, Deputy Director of UNICEF said. “At a theoretical level, we can save millions of children's lives if we strengthen our efforts for all children”.
The simple solutions with strong economic impact, contributing significantly to reduction of mortality rate among children under the age of five include prenatal care, reproductive care and after birth , breastfeeding mothers, vaccinations, insect nets distribution, improve water supplies, sanitation and oral rehydration therapy against diarrhea, antibiotic against pneumonia, nutritional supplements and physical food …
However, despite the impressive progress, UNICEF’s report still stated that MDG target of reducing by two thirds the mortality rate among children under 5 years old at the global level has not been reached.

In the period from 1990 to the end of 2015, nearly 236 million children died before the age of five, mainly due to preventable causes. Prematurity, pneumonia, complications during childbirth, diarrhea and malaria are the leading causes of death and malnutrition, accounting for nearly half of all deaths before the age of five in children. 
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All comments [ 2 ]

Funny Day 5/10/15 05:55

The Vietnamese children have been more carefully protected and cared for, so the infant mortality is reducing.

Anthony Jones 5/10/15 06:01

should raise the awareness of taking care the children to prevent incident deaths

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