Human rights in Vietnam’s consular protection

06/08/2015
In regard to human rights, consular protection is one of the most important issues which every country takes a serious concern and ensures to offer its citizens abroad.
The Vienna Convention on Consular Relations of 1963 is an international treaty that defines a framework for consular relations between independent countries. A consul normally operates out of an embassy in another country, and performs two functions: (1) protecting in the host country the interests of their countrymen, and (2) furthering the commercial and economic relations between the two countries. While a consul is not a diplomat, they work out of the same premises, and under this treaty they are afforded most of the same privileges, including a variation of diplomatic immunity called consular immunity. The treaty has been ratified by 177 countries.
In Vietnam, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs takes responsibility for consular protection of overseas Vietnamese to guarantee Vietnamese people’s rights and interests in foreign countries. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is a governmental agency, performing the function of state management of external affairs, including diplomatic work, national border and territory, the community of overseas Vietnamese, the conclusion and implementation of international treaties and agreements, management of overseas representative offices of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and operation of foreign representative offices in Vietnam; the state management of public services in domains within the scope of its state management in accordance with law.
Regarding consular work: To conduct consular work at home and abroad under law, the Government's assignment and treaties to which Vietnam is a contracting party, covering:
a/ Consular protection;
b/ Exit and entry of Vietnamese citizens and foreigners;
c/ Consular legalization and certification, notarization, certification, judicial mandate;
d/ Affairs related to nationality, civil status and other consular affairs specified by law.
Consular assistance is help and advice provided by the diplomatic agents of a country to citizens of that country who are living or traveling overseas. Such assistance may take the form of: provision of replacement travel documents; advice and support in the case of an accident, serious illness or death; advice and support to victims of serious crime overseas, and arranging for next-of-kin to be informed; visitation contact with incarcerated nationals; liaison with local police officials in the case of nationals abducted or missing overseas; loans to distressed travellers; help during crises, such as civil unrest and natural disasters; facilitating the overseas payment of social welfare benefits; registering citizen births abroad; providing a list of local doctors and lawyers; supervising their flag vessels in foreign harbours.
As it is a criteria of human rights, Vietnam has conducted it efficiently. In the world context of unstabitities and conflicts, citizens abroad always in risky situations. Likewise, overseas Vietnamese who are living, working and studying abroad, especially in countries where there is chaos and sudden turbulence, face with many dangers and challenges. Their lives have been badly affected, that’s when Vietnam’s consular agencies jump in. We can see that in 2014, Vietnamese agencies have rescued home many 1.762 overseas Vietnamese who lived and worked in Lybia and some North African countries which have been through political chaos. And, recently, the Ukraine crisis broke out, our embassy and consulate there have planned to timely evacuate our overseas Vietnamese and ensure their safety. Our consular agencies have also done well in cases of many Vietnamese workers and fishermen who had troubles with foreign countries’s authorities such as in China on the South China Sea, in Taiwan, Cambodia, etc.
 In conclusion, we can see that our government and our consular agencies have done well their functions and responsibilities in protecting Vietnamese citizens abroad, and in general, ensuring Vietnamese people’s human rights abroad./.

Chia sẻ bài viết ^^
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All comments [ 10 ]


John Smith 6/8/15 22:14

A state has human rights or not is what benefit it could bring to its citizens and how it protect citizen's interests in any place.

Gentle Moon 6/8/15 22:18

Vietnam has done many things to satisfy human rights organizations and extreme individuals who have none of Vietnam's situation but just try to undermine things.

LawrenceSamuels 6/8/15 22:20

I think Vietnam's government has fulfilled their job in protecting citizens abroad.

Jane smartnic 6/8/15 22:25

Yes, Vietnam has achieved many successes in implementing Millennium Development Goals which has received appreciations and praises from international friends.

yobro yobro 6/8/15 22:26

Consular assistance is help and advice provided by the diplomatic agents of a country to citizens of that country who are living or traveling overseas.

Love Peace 6/8/15 22:29

For Vietnamese people, when you are in a foreign countries, you should obey the laws and respect the local customs of the country you are visiting.

MaskOf Zero 6/8/15 22:34

Right, Vietnamese people has done many things that produce bad reputation abroad, a lot of countries have issued warnings of Vietnamese manners.

Only Solidar 6/8/15 22:35

As it is a criteria of human rights, Vietnam has conducted it efficiently. In the world context of unstabitities and conflicts, citizens abroad always in risky situations.

Pack Cassiopian 6/8/15 22:37

Vietnam's Ministry of Foreign Affairs has done good job in Lybia, Ukraine incidents.

Deck Hero14 6/8/15 22:39

We can see that our government and our consular agencies have done well their functions and responsibilities in protecting Vietnamese citizens, so human rights is that.

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