The role of women in policy of disaster risk reduction


Kết quả hình ảnh cho The role of women in policy of disaster risk reduction

In February, the UN Committee elimination of discrimination against women (CEDAW) stated that women and girls should be placed at the center of all efforts to minimize the risk of disaster because they are usually affected by climate change and the dangers related to the typhoon.
At an extraordinary meeting on natural disasters, CEDAW has assessed the extent of the problem and efforts to overcome it.
Speaking at the meeting, Assistant Secretary General of the World Meteorological Organization Manaenkova Elena said: "In the 2004 tsunami disaster in the Indian Ocean, more women were killed than men because they were less able to swim and their long clothing make them difficult to move. In Bangladesh, among 140,000 deaths related to the floods caused by cyclone Gorky in 1991, the number of women is 14 times more than men, partly because they did not have adequate access to information and systems rapid alert system”.
According to Ms. Elena Manaenkova, approximately 60-70% of women in developing countries work in the agricultural sector. However, within the framework of a project in India, where meteorological information is provided on the mobile phone, only 11% of users are women. "We have to show that there are still 300 million women around the world without mobile phones," - she noted.
Sendai program, an international program for 15 years aims at reducing disaster risk was passed in March 2015 with the goal of saving lives and preventing the economic impact of natural disasters and disasters derived from humans, also highlighted gender issues.
Head of UNISDR Robert Glasser said: "The Sendai program emphasizes the significant importance on human rights, gender equality and adaptation to climate change ".
According to Mr. Robert Glasser, gender issue is a key element of Sendai program. Among these gender inequalities should be eliminated, it is highlighted inequalities in participation in decision-making, resource management, accessing to social protection measures, education and health as well as early warning.

The gender inequality can limit the influence and control of women and girls for the decisions related to their own lives as well as access to resources, and so cast them out of the process of planning disaster risk mitigation .
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