Vietnam - Highlights for promoting gender equality

Nowadays, women in Vietnam have played an important role in Vietnam's history. They have served as warriors and nurses, mothers and wives. Their role in society has changed over the years, they have undertaken versatile leadership positions that redefine the women in Vietnam. They do so in an environment that both empowers and disadvantages women through policies, cultural beliefs, and societal norms.
Yes, women did participate in the revolution against the French that occupied Vietnam. They served as nurses, guides, couriers, and propagandists. Although they were not allowed in the regular army, they fought in militia and guerrilla units on the home front. All Vietnamese know the saying “When the enemy is at the gate, the woman goes out fighting” - an old Vietnamese adage. This character and spirit of Vietnamese women were first exemplified by the conduct of the Trung sisters, one of the "first historical figures" in the history of Vietnam who revolted against Chinese control.
After wars, in recent decades Vietnam has stressed the importance of gender equality. The Vietnamese Government has always attached importance to building and developing policies and programs to promote gender equality and ensure women’s rights. 
The role of women in all walks of life has improved significantly in recent years, especially in management positions. The country's efforts in ensuring gender equality have been recognized by international communities who praise the increasing number of women getting involved in politics.
By now, gender equality and women’s rights have been institutionalized in a range of legal documents such as the Law on Election of National Assembly Deputies, the Law on Election of Deputies to People’s Councils, the Law on Gender Equality and the Law on Marriage and Family. Vietnam is one of the first countries to sign and ratify the UN’s Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) at an early date and have integrated its regulations in the country’s laws.
The country has also launched a national strategy on gender equality for the 2011-2020 period with the aim of raising awareness, narrowing gender gap and enhancing women’s position. According to the lawmaker, Vietnam has actively implemented international and regional initiatives in efforts to push for the protection of women’s rights and fight discrimination against women. 
According to Vietnam’s national report on human rights submitted under the UN Human Rights Council’s Universal Periodic Review, the national strategy on gender equality and women’s progress has come to regions and areas which see high inequality or potential risks of inequality. The move has helped prevent and drive back women trafficking and domestic violence while creating conditions for women to improve their knowledge. The Government has deployed solutions in terms of law enforcement and international cooperation to surpass challenges regarding the awareness about gender equality, and eliminate gender and domestic violence as well as gender gaps of employment, income and social position. 
Now, with women accounting for 24.4 percent of deputies in the 13th National Assembly (2011-2016), Vietnam ranks 43rd out of 143 countries globally and second in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Women have assumed many key leading posts such as Vice President, Vice National Assembly Chairperson and Minister. In addition, 14 out of 30 ministries or Government-affiliated agencies have female deputy ministers. Many women are holding key positions in local administrations, contributing to handling important issues, adding that women have shined in other areas such as business, education and healthcare. 
Presently, female workers make up 49 percent. By the end of 2011, female literacy was 92 percent and about 80 percent of girls at remote, far-flung and ethnic regions go to school at the right age. 
Thanks to such efforts, Vietnam was placed 47th out of 187 countries in the UN’s Gender Inequality Index last year compared with its 58th position out of 136 countries recorded in 2010.
In 2014, the CEOs of Vinamilk and REE, and the chairwoman of SeABank have been selected as three of the 48 most powerful women honored in the 2014 Forbes Asia Power Businesswomen list. Mai Kieu Lien, CEO of the country’s largest dairy producer Vinamilk, appears in the list at the 23th place, while Nguyen Thi Mai Thanh, CEO of the Refrigeration Electrical Engineering (REE), and Nguyen Thi Nga, chairwoman of SeaBank, stands at the 28th and 29th positions respectively.
Mai Kieu Lien, CEO and Chairwoman of Vietnam Dairy Products Joint - Stock Company (Vinamilk) - Vietnam’s largest dairy producer - was the only Vietnamese woman to be named among Asia’s 50 Most Powerful Businesswomen three times by Renowned US business magazine Forbes. She was described by Forbes as a dynamic CEO who has built the company into one of Vietnam’s major enterprises and turned Vinamilk into not only one of Vietnam’s most profitable brands but also a respected name across Asia.
 At early March 2016, Forbes has listed Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan, Vice Chairwomen of the National Assembly as the most powerful woman in Vietnam. International experience shows that gender equality is a win-win for development and for business and that it is possible to change things and to get more women into leadership positions.
However, Vietnam is still faced with an array of challenges such as low percentage of ethnic women involving in leadership at all levels and high poverty rate among minority groups. 
        The government will continue working to raise public awareness of gender equality while strengthening international cooperation in dealing with gender inequality, especially among disadvantaged groups and in strategic realms such as education, healthcare and employment./.
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All comments [ 10 ]

Pack Cassiopian 9/3/16 13:22

Ensuring a certain ratio of women in the political system has been difficult.

Love Peace 9/3/16 13:24

many women are too resigned to their fate, thinking that they do not need to have professional degrees. Many think that having a good husband to rely on is enough.

Gentle Moon 9/3/16 13:26

In the past years, the Party and the Government have attempted to boost and take care of women's development through a number of legal documents in terms of gender equality and female empowerment.

Jane smartnic 9/3/16 13:27

Viet Nam has made significant achievements in terms of policies. Not many countries do that, even developed ones.

John Smith 9/3/16 13:29

There are a lot of obstacles for a female offical. One problem is weak personnel management in Viet Nam.

LawrenceSamuels 9/3/16 13:30

I can say that the weak personnel management in Viet Nam has wasted a lot of talent and many contributions that women could have made to the development of the country.

MaskOf Zero 9/3/16 13:32

We should change the concept of gender so that people understand what benefits gender equality can bring.

Only Solidar 9/3/16 13:32

If possible, each leader or personnel staff of an organisation should have basic training in gender equality.

Deck Hero14 9/3/16 13:34

the most important factor comes from each woman. They have to change their conception first. They should not be afraid of the social preconception that they should sacrifice their own opportunities for development. They should fight for a stable position in society themselves.

yobro yobro 9/3/16 13:36

thank for the policies of government that women have chance to joint many politic and social activities

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